In the context of domestic and family violence, image-based abuse occurs when a partner or ex-partner shares — or threatens to share — intimate, nude or sexual images without the consent of those pictured.
This page is for anyone experiencing image-based abuse as part of domestic and family violence.
General advice is also available for anyone who is experiencing image-based abuse.
What is image-based abuse?
Image-based abuse, also known as ‘revenge porn’, occurs when intimate, nude or sexual images or videos of you are shared — or threatened to be shared — without your consent or permission.
An abuser can use image-based abuse to control you through:
- The threat to share intimate images unless you do what your abuser wants.
- Pressure to send intimate images when you do not want to.
- Intimate, nude or sexual images that have been taken without your permission that are used to threaten and harass you.
These images can be real, altered (e.g. Photoshopped) and drawn pictures and videos.
Common reactions to image-based abuse
The most important thing to remember is that image-based abuse is not your fault and you are not alone.
The experience of a partner or ex-partner sharing — or threatening to share — an intimate, nude or sexual image can be traumatic and extremely stressful.
Every person’s experience will be different. Depending on your precise situation, you might be feeling:
- angry, humiliated or embarrassed
- overwhelmed, depressed or distrustful
- scared about the impact it might have on your work or reputation
- isolated or unable to talk with friends and family
Even though it may be hard to talk to someone about what you are going through, it is important to reach out and get help. Learn more about how to get help and support for image-based abuse as part of domestic and family violence.
What can you do about image-based abuse?
There are a number of options you can take to try and remove images that have been shared without your consent, but your personal safety is the most important thing. It is important to get a safety plan and to plan for your online safety before you request the removal of any abusive images.
Make a safety plan
A safety plan can help you take steps to leave an abusive relationship or deal with image-based abuse from an ex-partner.
Call 1800RESPECT (1800 737 732) and they will help you make a safety plan. Remember, if an abusive person learns that you are seeking resources and information, it is possible that the abuse may get worse. For your safety, use a public phone or a friend’s phone to make the call.
Online safety planning as part of a broader safety plan
An online safety plan can help you deal with image-based abuse as part of an over-arching safety plan. eSafety can help with online safety planning.
- Use our online safety checklist to help you keep safe, while you are living with an abusive partner and after you have left. It may be useful to go through this checklist with a domestic violence support worker or lawyer. Learn more and connect with support.
- Our social media checklist will help you think about how you can use social media more safely.
- You can also learn about how to secure your accounts and devices.
Connect with support
Remember that image-based abuse is not your fault. Learn more about how to get help and support.