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Best Practice Framework for Online Safety Education

eSafety’s Best Practice Framework for Online Safety Education establishes a consistent national approach that supports education systems across Australia to deliver high quality programs, with clearly defined elements and effective practices.

The research underpinning this work found that several online safety education frameworks exist but none are comprehensive enough to be adopted as a national standard.

The Framework was developed using a two-stage process to research and identify the characteristics of successful online safety education. 

  • The first stage consisted of a rapid literature review which provided the evidence base for the Framework. 
  • The second stage consisted of a series of consultations that tested and refined the Framework with children's online safety experts, the school sector and other key advocacy groups.

Using the Best Practice Framework

You can read the Best Practice Framework on this page, or download it.

You can also:

  • read about how the Framework links to eSafety's Toolkit for Schools
  • download the Framework implementation guide developed to help school leaders, educators and program providers use the Framework to design, deliver and review online safety education programs in Australia
  • download the Stage 1 research report and Stage 2 research report
  • read Frequently Asked Questions about the Framework.




How the Framework links to the Toolkit for Schools

The Stage 1 research which provided the evidence-base of the Framework also informed the development of eSafety’s Toolkit for Schools. The Toolkit aims to create safer online environments for school communities and is recommended to be used in conjunction with the Framework. The Framework’s implementation guide provides relevant links to the Toolkit for Schools, eSafety's classroom resources, the Australian curriculum, and existing policies and frameworks.


Downloadable resources

Use these Framework resources to help you assess and improve online safety education in your school.

eSafety will continue to develop new resources to help educators with the implementation of the Framework and the application of evidence-based practices that support online safety education in Australian schools. These will include new professional learning modules and additional Toolkit for Schools resources.



Frequently Asked Questions

The Best Practice Framework for Online Safety Education was developed to identify best practice and create a nationally consistent approach to online safety education.

eSafety undertook research beginning in 2019 to support the development of a Framework for online safety education in Australian schools, from K-12.

The Stage 1 report presents the findings of the research to establish the Framework. The Stage 2 report presents the expert review and stakeholder consultation. 

Four key stakeholder groups were consulted in the development of the Framework, these include: children’s online safety experts, education sector peak bodies and representatives, Trusted eSafety Providers and representatives from child advocacy groups.

The consultations involved a combination of interviews and focus groups which provided qualitative and quantitative data.

The elements were developed from our Stage 1 report which identified a range of components that should form a best-practice framework. Those include:

  • advocacy of children’s rights and the positive framing of online safety
  • features of school environments that increase the likelihood of online safety education having desired effects – for example, system-wide approaches, policies and procedures
  • online safety education content – including information about digital citizenship, social and emotional learning, specific risks, and help seeking – and guidance on how that content should be taught. 

Yes, the Framework aligns with the Australian Student Wellbeing Framework, Australian Professional Standards for Teachers and Australian Professional Standards for Principals.

See the implementation guide for details.

The Framework is designed to be used by schools and educators (including Trusted eSafety Providers) as part of a whole-school approach to online safety education.

The Framework’s use is supported by the implementation guide and the Toolkit for Schools.

The Framework should be used when designing or delivering online safety education in a school setting.

The Framework’s components can be used flexibly for multiple purposes, either together or separately.

The implementation guide provides a detailed understanding of each element as well as a range of examples that show what effective practices can look like.

The Toolkit for Schools supports a nationally consistent approach to preventing and responding to online safety issues in school communities.

It should be used together with the Framework as part of a whole-school approach to online safety education.

The Framework’s implementation guide provides clear directions on which Toolkit resources align with each Framework element.

Yes. eSafety will be releasing further resources to support the use and implementation of the Framework including new professional learning modules and additional Toolkit for Schools resources.

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