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Image-based abuse

A quick guide.

This guide shows you what to do if someone shares an intimate image of you without your consent.

What is image-based abuse?

Image-based abuse is when someone shares, or threatens to share, an intimate photo or video online of you without your consent.

It can also happen when someone shares an image or video of a person without religious or cultural attire (such as such as a niqab or turban) they would normally wear in public, without the permission of the person.

The images can be real photos or videos, or ones that have been changed or altered, for example, Photoshopped.

It is also image-based abuse if someone threatens to share an intimate image of you without your permission.

Examples of image-based abuse include

  • Your ex-partner sharing an intimate image of you on Facebook without your consent.
  • Someone altering an image of you to make you appear naked and then emailing it to lots of people.
  • An anonymous account threatening to share an intimate image of you on a website or porn site.

Stay safe

If you are feeling unsafe now, call the police on Triple Zero (000).

If you are experiencing image-based abuse as part of an abusive relationship, contact 1800RESPECT for help with safety planning.

How to report image-based abuse

eSafety has legal powers to help protect people who live in Australia from the most serious online abuse and harmful content. 

You can report image-based abuse to eSafety. We can help to get the intimate images or video removed and, in some cases, take action against the person who shared it.

Follow these steps to make a report

  1. Learn more about image-based abuse and how to get help and support

    We offer detailed advice on image-based abuse, including resources and support for anyone who has experienced image-based abuse, and their friends and family.

  2. Collect evidence and information

    To make a report to eSafety, you will need to collect evidence such as screenshots of what has been happening. Read more about how to collect evidence.

  3. Make an image-based abuse report to eSafety

    Once you have collected relevant evidence and information, you can start your report.

Are you being blackmailed or threatened?

If someone is threatening to share your intimate images unless you give into their demands, help is available.

Do not give them any money or bitcoin — paying a blackmailer will only result in more demands for payment.

Follow these steps

  1. Stop all contact with the blackmailer.

  2. Take screenshots of the threats and then block the user.

  3. Read our advice on how to deal with sexual extortion.

Help in languages other than English

The image-based abuse quick guide can be downloaded in four languages — Arabic, Dinka, Malay and Somali.


More services and resources

Additional guides on how to deal with image-based abuse are available in 12 other languages, including Arabic, Traditional Chinese, Simplified Chinese, Vietnamese, Tamil, Thai, Persian, Filipino, Hindi, Spanish, Punjabi and Karen.

Call the Translating and Interpreting Service on 131 450 and ask them to contact one of the helplines on this page for you.

You can also call the Translating and Interpreting Service on 131 450, once you have made a report to us and we have given you a phone number to contact us on.

If you are deaf or have a hearing impairment

Contact Speak and Listen (relay call options) on 1300 555 727 and ask them to contact a helpline for you, or to speak to us once you have made report.

You can also get help and support from one of these counselling services


Confidential counselling, support and information for people affected by sexual abuse or domestic and family violence. Available 24/7.


All ages. All issues. Phone counselling available all day, every day. Online chat available 7pm to 4am AEST daily.

Support services